Part No: P047Issued year: 2012File size: 0.6mbFile type: pdf
The potential harm caused by synthetic cannabinoids is a significant concern since exposures and reports of human fatalities due to these substances is widespread . Detection of these relatively new type designer drugs in blood is essential in forensic toxicology, other scientific and medical fields.
Cannabinoids, SLE, SLE+, Supported Liquid Extraction,
Part No: AN818.v1Issued year: 2014File size: 1.54mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the extraction of ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulfate from human urine using ISOLUTE® NH2 solid phase extraction columns. The method has been applied real patient samples that had been previously analyzed with a validated referee method. The results of the orthogonal measurements agreed, to provide similar diagnostic values.
Part No: P144Issued year: 2016File size: 0.6mbFile type: pdf
The ability to extract a broad range of different drugs from a biological matrix allows for the expedited analysis of a patient sample using LC-MS/MS. Typically small molecules are extracted from matrices like urine based on their polarities. A fast and reliable sample preparation method that could be implemented to extract drugs of different polarities from urine could be used as a screening tool to quickly identify the presence of illicit drugs in patient samples using LC-MS-MS.
This poster demonstrates the utility of supported liquid extraction for the extraction of over 30 different acidic, basic and neutral drugs in urine prior to LC-MS/MS.
Part No: P109Issued year: 2014File size: 0.43mbFile type: pdf
This poster describes a supported liquid extraction method for extraction of a class of novel psychoactive substances (NBOMes) with analysis using laser diode thermal desorption (LDTD) MS/MS. Samples are oral fluid collected using Salivettes.
Part No: P044Issued year: 2012File size: 0.89mbFile type: pdf
The objective was to develop a GC-MS assay for the determination of free benzodiazepines using Supported Liquid Extraction (SLE). The SLE extraction mechanism is very efficient, delivering higher analyte recoveries and cleaner extracts than equivalent LLE methods.
ISOLUTE, SLE, SLE+, Supported Liquid Extraction, Benzodiazepines, Forensic, Drugs, DOA, Drugs of Abuse, SOFT,
Part No: AN886Issued year: 2017File size: 1mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the extraction of 96 licit and illicit drugs of abuse from urine prior to UPLC-MS/MS analysis using EVOLUTE® HYDRO CX 96-well plates.
EVOLUTE® HYDRO CX plates offer an efficient way to perform hydrolysis in the well of the extraction plate. This method provides high analyte recovery, reduced extraction time due to the elimination of a sample transfer step as well as the elimination of the column conditioning and equilibration steps, and a reduced risk for sample carryover or cross-contamination due to the elimination of the sample transfer step.
Part No: P164Issued year: 2017File size: 0.69mbFile type: pdf
Most drugs, both licit and illicit, are excreted in urine as glucuronide conjugates. Hydrolysis using beta-glucuronidase converts the glucuronidated metabolites back to their “free” or non-conjugated
form, increasing sensitivity for LC-MS/MS analysis. Hydrolysis using red abalone, abalone, and recombinant beta-glucuronidase enzymes was evaluated using an in-well hydrolysis plate to determine which provided the most efficient hydrolysis of glucuronide metabolites without affecting overall recovery of nonconjugated compounds. A glucuronide control containing 8 glucuronide compounds was used to determine the extent of hydrolysis that occurred. A non-conjugated control containing 96 licit and illicit drugs of abuse was evaluated to determine if signal suppression occurred as a result of enzyme hydrolysis.
Part No: AN815Issued year: 2014File size: 1.52mbFile type: pdf
The method described in this application note achieves high recoveries of THC and an extended suite of common metabolites in oral fluid from Quantisal (Immunalysis) oral fluid collection devices.
This application note describes effective and efficient
ISOLUTE SLE+ protocols optimized for sample loading volumes of either 300 μL or 800 μL. The simple sample preparation procedure delivers clean extracts and analyte recoveries greater than 64% with RSDs of <10% for all analytes.
Part No: P163Issued year: 2017File size: 0.58mbFile type: pdf
Over the past decade, the need for non-invasive drug screening that that precludes sample adulteration has become attractive. As a result, detection using oral fluid devices for Drugs of Abuse (DOA) has come to the vanguard of the scientific community. The use of Supported Liquid Extraction (ISOLUTE® SLE+) prior to LC/MS or GC/MS can improve sample cleanliness without forfeiting sample detection within a diverse panel of DOAs. Here, we demonstrate the effects of altering elution solvent polarity and pH for sample pretreatment upon the simultaneous recovery of 34 compounds comprised of opioids, benzodiazepines, and stimulants to directly measure the effects of the oral fluid buffer, OraSure™, upon extraction and signal intensity at presumed LOQs.
Part No: AN793Issued year: 2013File size: 2.04mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the extraction of a range of SPICE drugs and metabolites in urine which are
typically screened in forensic toxicology panels using ISOLUTE® SLE+ in a 96-well plate format. Both manual
(Biotage Pressure+ 96) and automated (TECAN Freedom EVO® 100) processing conditions are described.
Part No: RP-DS-04Issued year: 2010File size: 0.19mbFile type: pdf
When analyzing human urine for drugs of abuse, one of the most common tests is for the cocaine metabolite Benzoylecgonine (BZE). A contract laboratory has automated this labor intensive procedure using the RapidTrace.
Part No: PPS362Issued year: 2014File size: 1.23mbFile type: pdf
This product sheet compares automated sample preparation using the Biotage®Extrahera™ to an equivalent manual method utilizing a vacuum manifold. A selection of beta blocker drugs were extracted from pooled
stripped plasma using a supported liquid extraction procedure.
Part No: PPS361Issued year: 2014File size: 1.28mbFile type: pdf
This document compares automated sample preparation using the Biotage®
Extrahera™ to an equivalent manual method utilizing a vacuum manifold. A selection of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) were extracted from pooled stripped plasma using a supported liquid extraction procedure.
Part No: PPS443Issued year: 2017File size: 2.31mbFile type: pdf
Analysis of drug panels in urine samples can be challenging, and the trend towards larger panels including multiple drug classes compounds the issues faced during method development.
This white paper examines a number of aspects of sample preparation, and their impact on the success of subsequent LC-MS/MS analysis of broad urine panels.
Section 1 examines the applicability of various sample preparation techniques: supported liquid extraction, reverse phase SPE and mixed-mode SPE, to the various classes of drugs extracted. In addition, hydrolysis approaches: enzyme type and protocol used (time, temperature), are compared.
Mixed-mode reverse phase/cation exchange SPE is widely used for extraction of basic drug classes from urine, but the inclusion of drugs and metabolites that exhibit ‘non-typical’ functionality within urine panels can be problematic. Section 2 examines the impact of various parameters (interference wash strength, elution solvent composition) on analyte retention, elution and extract cleanliness with particular focus on zwitterionic (gabapentin, pregabalin) and non-ionic (carisoprodol, meprobamate) drugs.